Soils Monitoring

The following positions were assessed: the state of soil along the onshore pipeline route as well as around Prigorodnoye Asset and OPF; degradation of soil, including soil disturbance, compaction, the development of processes of soil erosion, water logging, as well as oil product and benzo(a)pyrene pollution.

The 2012 observations showed that the characteristics of soil around the Company's facilities are close to the background (initial) indicators.

During the five years of profile structure monitoring, the power and colour of genetic horizons, organic carbon content, particle size distribution, and soil compaction have changed only slightly.